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High objects of State (letters patent from Queen Victoria, each w/ Great Seal):
Author of Balfour Declaration - 1898 diplomatic credentials, for talks with Germany
|
Chancellor of the Exchequer letters patent of Gladstone, 1873 

The (Swedish General) Viktor Balck Olympic Games- Founding Archive
Swedish gold and bronze medals honoring Viktor Balck |
Viktor Balck 1912 Stockholm Olympics book Tower and Sword collar of Viktor Balck

Civil War Gillmore Medal to Jewish officer who helped 1863 "Glory" charge toward Ft. Wagner 1863                                                                        
Statesmen |Koerber - 1920s friend, then foe of Hitler |The Viktor von Koerber WWI Aviation Archive|
Presentation keys, gold medal to major U.K. statesman  Award Documents to important 19th century European diplomats

The JFK and staffers convention badges etc. ArchiveI.D. Badges to JFK and Secretary Ev Lincoln Mass. Labor Federation badge (major speech)  1960 Democratic Nomination campaign: aide Bob Troutman

Heroines | "Girl who defied Hitler" at 1936 Olympics: biography  Inge Sorensen Archive: items                 First ever (gold NYC) Women's Club Medal of Honor
  Award Diplomas to great Jewess opera singer
The Poignant Mayer family Jewish Heroism for (in WWI) and Flight from (pre-WWII) Germany Archive 
Presentation trowel etc. to president of "philanthropic" society for troubled girls

Concepts | News |
Historical commentary

Awards of Outstanding International Importance to Statesmen and Heroines

US WWII WASP service certificate to 1st winner of Amelia Earhart Scholarship

Site map:

Telephone  773-539-5751      
FAX            773-304-0131
Postal address
P.O. Box 300791, Chicago, IL 60630, USA
Electronic mail
General Information: buynobel@sbcglobal.net
Prices available upon request.

German passport, issued 16 December 1938, with photo and large red "J" for "Jew",
of Johanna Josephina Mayer nee Dornberger;  20 December 1938 dated-exit-stamp
and Nazi eagle travel permit stamp
(on page 7);
with 21 December 1938 Passport Control stamp, from Nijmegen, Holland, and Harwich, U.K. Permit to Land and Stay stamp, specifying a twelve month limit; 
with name "Sara" added on 27 January 1939 by the German ambassador to Great Britain.
(“Sara” was the “Semitic” middle name foisted upon all Jewish females by the Nazi government
after the Kristalnacht "broken glass night" anti-Jewish riots of 9 November 1938.)

Other documents included in the group, but not pictured on this page:
.
15 October 1934 Ludwig Mayer application to the German Reich Central Office for War Casualties and War Graves, for his military service record, with Central Office stamps indicating that a reply had been sent to the Applicant. .
.
1 October 1935 Frankfurt (Germany) recertification of original Death Certificate, 11 September 1917, for Arthur Sally Mayer.
                                                                                                                   
6 January 1937 recertification of original 18 January 1894 Certificate of Marriage between Siegmund Mayer and Johanna Josephina Dornberger, in Bad Durkheim (Germany).

9 January 1937 Friedelsheim (Germany) recertification of original Birth Certificate, 3 February 1871, for Johanna Josephina Dornberger.

J.A. Schramek
& Associates

Matted photograph (368 x 302 mm.) of the Mayer family, c. 1927(?):
28 men and women, and one male child. Johanna Mayer is seated immediately above that child.

Arthur Mayer
(photo is 100 x 150 mm.) and
his 1914 Iron Cross, Second class
,
along with a 177 x 118 mm.
dark brown leather pouch.

Matted photograph of the Mayer brothers (Arthur and Ludwig) wearing Imperial German Army dress visor caps. The embossed stamp of a studio in Frankfurt is at lower right; photo itself is 112 x 149 mm.

Grave stone of

VICE-WATCH MASTER, and OFFICER-CANDIDATE
ARTHUR MAYER
LAW STUDENT
12th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment, 6th Battalion
HOLDER OF THE IRON CROSS 2nd CLASS
  BORN     21  FEBRUARY  1897
MARTYRED     24  AUGUST  1917
NEAR MUNCEL, LORRAINE

Germany, Cross of Honor
of the World War 1914–1918
,
non-combatants’ grade,
with 22 August 1935
certificate of award to
merchant Ludwig Mayer;

Cross of Honor of the World War
1914–1918, next-of-kin grade,
with 1 October 1935
certificate of award to 
parent Jeanette Mayer, nee Dornberger;
                                                                 both medals fitting into a black leather pouch
.

Page 7
2 December 1938 Frankfurt (Germany) Finance Office Attest of Unobjectability, for Johanna Josephina (Jeanette) Mayer, nee Dornberger, with stamp of the Mayor.
6 December 1938 Frankfurt (Germany) Finance Office Attest of Unobjectability, for Johanna Josephina (Jeanette) Mayer, nee Dornberger, certifying that no problems with taxes (incl. escape tax) exist.

Documents pertaining to Johanna Josephina (Jeanette) Mayer's emigration from Nazi Germany

Hardcover booklet: Zum Andenken an stud. jur. Arthur Mayer: Inhalber des E.K. II. Klasse… 1897-1917 ("In memory of law student Arthur Mayer: holder of the Iron Cross 2nd Class…."); 31 pp, 154 x 216 mm.; names Mayer as a Vice-watch master, and officer-candidate in the Bavarian field artillery.

Supremely rare hardcover booklet: "In memory of law student Arthur Mayer: holder of the Iron Cross 2nd Class…. 1897-1917" 
German passport, issued 16 December 1938, with photo and large red "J" for Jude (Jew), of Johanna Josephina Mayer nee Dornberger

      = 
name
"Sara",
written vertically, from bottom toward top

*

Documents, medals, etc. to Johanna Josephina Jeanette MAYER, and her sons, one of whom (Arthur) was a law student who was killed in action in WWI after being decorated with the Iron Cross (incl.) for his bravery in the field. As a result of his martyrdom, she would receive an award which was issued to all (even those of Jewish heritage) WWI next-of-kin bereaved, in 1935, i.e. after Hitler's rise to power, but while the Nazi persecution of Jews was just beginning to expand.  As Hitler Youth were taught to salute those who wore such awards, some recipients of these salutes would have been (ironically) Jewish!

German
Jewish WWI veterans (and next of kin) are famous for having presumed that their sacrifices for Germany in that war would completely protect them from the persecution meted out to Jews who lacked such patriotic credentials;  this legendary misjudgment was most vividly portrayed by the Julius Lowenthal character in the 1965 Academy Award-winning movie Ship of Fools.

Ms. Mayer was allowed to escape Germany almost a year before the start of WWII, (probably partly because of her son's heroism for the Fatherland), hence before she would have been forced to wear the Nazi yellow Star of David "Jew" badge introduced throughout the Reich in 1941.

Also included is an original charcoal-drawn portrait, 45.5 x 47.8 cm., (presumably) of patriarch Siegmund Mayer, on a thick cardboard.

The Cross of Honor, 1914 – 1918  (Ehrenkreuz, 1914 – 1918)

  By Kevin A. Sanders


The Cross of Honor, also known as the “Hindenburg Cross” or the “Honor Cross of the World War 1914 – 1918”, was the only military commemorative award commissioned during the reign of the Thousand Year Reich.

The terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles presented by the Allies without negotiation with Germany were first published in Berlin on May 7th, 1919. The harsh terms, loss of lands, reparations, and virtual disarmament of the military angered and humbled the German people. The Cross of Honor was established by President Generalfeldmarshall Paul von Hindenburg on July 13th, 1934 in order to reestablish honor and pride in the military and in the German people who contributed to the first World War effort and suffered through the post Versailles Treaty Weimar Republic administration. It was commissioned by the German Reichs Chancellery and designed by Eugene Goted.

Three grades of the Cross of Honor were awarded for service during World War I. These were the combatants’ grade, non-combatants’ grade, and the next-of-kin grade. All three grades were common in size, 38mm across the Maltese cross, with raised edges, wreaths, and dates, all of 1 mm in height. All grades of the medal also had a flat reverse with either a manufacturers stamp or number. The combatants’ and non-combatants’ versions of the medal were generally made of bronzed iron or of bronze. The next-of-kin grade was blackened in order to recognize the loss of a family member.

All grades of the Cross of Honor had to applied for and approved by the Reichsminister of the Interior. The application must also have been accompanied by proof supporting the grade of the award. In May, 1942, the award was expanded to include Allies of Austria and Germany.

The combatant grade was awarded to only those soldiers and sailors who saw combat in the German Imperial Military. The combatants’ grade was a Maltese cross with a pair of swords, hilts at the bottom, crossing in an “X” between the arms of the Maltese. The swords measured 41 mm from the hilt to the tip. Each arm of the Maltese cross had raised edges highlighting the outline of the arm. The very center of the Maltese cross contained the raised numbers 1914 and 1918 indicating the duration of World War I. The year 1914 was presented directly above the year 1918. Outlining the center of the cross was a laurel wreath. Each side of the laurel was composed of five clusters of three leaves. A pair of laurel berries adorned each cluster joint. The base of the laurel wreath was tied with a ribbon. The ribbon ends curled outward slightly and flowed into the bottom arm of the cross. A ribbon ring was affixed to the upper arm of the cross and measured 1.5 to 2 mm. A ribbon loop passed through the ribbon ring.

The combatants’ grade ribbon was 25 to 30 mm in width. The ribbon itself had alternating bands of longitudinal orientation in colors from left to right of black, white, black, red, black, white, and black. This award was worn on a ribbon bar by the military and ranked below other combat awards but above occupation medals. A small set of golden crossed swords were affixed to the ribbon. The inactive combat veteran could wear the ribbon bar affixed with a button through his coat lapel. Approximately 6,250,000 combatants’ versions of the Cross of Honor were awarded.

The non-combatant grade of the Cross of Honor was awarded to non-combatant military auxiliary staff such as administrators, and medical personnel. Additionally, some civilians such as State officials could be eligible for this award class. This grade of the Cross of Honor was very similar to the combatants’ grade, even realizing the same ribbon configuration and colors. However, this grade did not have the crossed swords reserved for the combat veteran. Additionally, the laurel wreath of the combatants’ grade was replaced by a wreath of entwined oak leaves. This wreath was also tied by the same ribbon representation. Approximately 1,200,000 non-combatants version of the Cross of Honor were awarded.

Parents or widows of soldiers who died or were reported as missing in action were eligible for the next-of-kin grade of the Cross of Honor . This grade was very similar to the non-combatants’ grade with the exceptions of the ribbon color orientation and the blackening of the medal itself. The ribbon had alternating bands of longitudinal orientation in colors from left to right of white, black, white, red, white, black, and white. This medal was intended to be worn on clothing by the next-of-kin in order to honor the fallen family member and therefore the ribbon was affixed with a horizontal pin and clasp. Approximately 720,000 medals of this class were awarded.
From http://www.manions.com/archive/articles/hindenburg_medal.htm

From http://www.worldwar1.com/sfgcross.htm

The 1914 German Iron Cross

In the history of military decorations, few are as simple or striking as the Prussian Eiserne Kreuz (Iron Cross). The award was created in 1813, during the Napoleonic Wars.
On August 5, 1914, the Iron Cross was (re)instituted. It's design was identical to the 1870 medal, with the date changed from 1870 to 1914.

The Iron Cross of 1914, 2nd Class
The construction of the medal is a blackened iron center, with silver trim around the edge, about 42mm (1 5/8") in size. Early war examples are usually marked with the '800' or '900' silver hallmark on the ribbon suspension ring. Ribbon widths vary from 25 to 30mm. As the war progressed, and silver and iron became more scarce, silver plated trim around an alloy center was used. Late in the war, solid brass, one piece medals were cast. A precise count of the number of medals awarded is impossible to verify today, as the Prussian Army records were destroyed in the bombing of W.W.II. The best estimate is somewhere between 1.5 and 5 million.

"12,000
Jewish soldiers died on the field of honor for the fatherland.
"Christian and Jewish heroes fought together and lie together on foreign soil.
12,000 Jews fell in battle.

Blind, enraged Party hatred does not stop
at the graves of the dead.
German Women:
Do not allow the suffering of Jewish mothers
to be mocked!

The Reich Association of Jewish Veterans"  [Front-line Soldiers]
---------------------------------------------------------
Title:
To all German mothers! 12,000 Jews were killed in action!
Date: app. 1920   Place: Berlin   *
Material/Technique: Leaflet, printed. Size: 20,4 x 28,8 cm

* Leaflet shown here is just a depiction,
an original of which is not provided in the group for sale.

From http://www.germanjewishsoldiers.com/leaflet.php

* Badge to the left is just a depiction, an original of which is not provided in the Archive for sale.

World War I: 10.000 German Jews were volunteers at the beginning of the war, a total of 100.000 Jews served during WW 1 in the German Army and 77.000 of them were fighting at the frontline, 19.000 were promoted, 30.000 got decorations, 12.000 Jewish soldiers lost their life. 
  From http://www.trafoberlin.de/pdf-dateien/Iron_Cross_and_Star_of_David.pdf

1995 Letters from Helen Reyes (daughter of Ludwig Mayer) to J. Schramek

Published by
Mitteldeutsche Druckerei
und Verlagsanstalt 
Heller & Co., Frankfurt a.M.
 

The poignant German-Jewish Mayer family WWI / Holocaust escape Archive
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"In the name of the Führer and Reich Chancellor...."

Telephone  773-539-5751      
FAX            773-304-0131
Postal address
P.O. Box 300791, Chicago, IL 60630, USA
Electronic mail
General Information: buynobel@sbcglobal.net
Prices available upon request.

40 page booklet, published 1942

This is almost certainly the only Memorial booklet of its kind to have survived the Holocaust.

Of the 12,000 German-Jewish soldiers who fell during World War I, most would not have been awarded the Iron Cross, and many would not have been from families in a financial position to pay for production of such a high-quality publication.    Of those families in such a position, few could escape the Nazi wrath.

Weeks after Hindenburg established this award, his death on 2 August 1934 led to his replacement as President by Adolf Hitler, who replaced the title of President with that of Führer (Leader).
On 15 September 1935, the Nazi regime announced what became known as the Nuremberg Laws, which deprived Jews of German citizenship, and forbade certain interactions between Jews and Germans.
That the Jewess Jeanette Mayer would have been awarded this Hindenburg Cross "in the name of the Führer" on 1 October 1935, over two weeks after Hitler had deprived her of German citizenship, has to have been one of the more ironic events of modern times. 

7 December 1938 letter, signed by the British Consul General of Frankfurt, informing Johanna Josephine Jeanette Mayer that she could expect to obtain a visa as a refugee into England. "One copy of this letter should be given, with your application for release from custody, to the Gestapo...." 

Alsace-Lorraine was the German-held pair of provinces which had been historically French before 1871, and whose liberation from Germany obsessed French society until this aim was achieved with Germany's defeat in 1918.

Arthur was killed by a French hand grenade.

The 12th Bavarian Field Artillery Regt. was part of the 3rd Bavarian Artillery Brigade, in the 3rd Bavarian Division.

The symbol of the Gestapo, or Secret State Police,, was similar to that of the SS, because both institutions were under the direct control of Heinrich Himmler. The infamous SS (standing for Schutzstaffel, "Protection squadron") handled such "major duties" as the extermination of the Jews.

"... Arthur was killed by an enemy grenade... while on duty as an advanced observer.
.... he was with us on the Somme, at Arras, and at Wytschaete....
He was recommended... for the Iron Cross First Class and the Military Merit Cross...." 

Arthur's unit was fighting the British at the places in France listed here by his commander, Capt. Adolf Kesselring.  The 1916 Battle of the Somme was one of the most infamously bloody battles of the War.

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